Find your Ancestors in the UK Census

Genealogy is one of the fastest developing hobbies in the UK. Millions of people are now researching their family history using tools like CD-ROMs and online databases to build their family trees. One of the main sources of information available to genealogists is the census records which were taken every ten years in England and Wales.

A census is a complete population count for a given area or place taken on a specific date. The 1841 census is considered to be the first modern UK census.

On this website, you will find some practical information about the UK census and how to use it to research your family history.

Introduction to the Census

Details the Census can provide

Full name, exact age, relationship to head of household, sex, occupation, parish and county of birth, medical disabilities and employment status. Later census years have more information, visit our Census FAQ page to see what information is available. The Census gives a wonderful snapshot of the family every ten years.

Census Enumerators' Books

Each householder was required to complete a census schedule giving the address of the household, the names, ages, sex, occupations and places of birth of each individual residing in his or her accommodation. From 1851, householders were asked to give more precise details of the places of birth of each resident, to state their relationship to him or her, marital status and the nature of any disabilities from which they may have suffered.

Census Page Extract

Census page (extract from London 1851 Census

The enumerator then collected the census schedules and these were copied into census enumerators' books. The way these are grouped may mean that a road is split over several folios with other streets in between. In this case the street indexes should list a series of folio references.

Although the original census schedules were destroyed many years ago, the books were kept and eventually moved to the PRO Kew (now known as The National Archives). The books were then filmed in 1970 to prevent the increasing usage from destroying these fragile records.

You may find the odd torn or damaged page but in general the records have survived in remarkable condition considering the heavy usage they have had.